The people, they know where i stand they need rules to live by—i provide them they break the rules, i break them that's the way it works. The theory of hypothetical consent of the governed holds that one's obligation to obey government depends on whether the government is such that one ought to consent to it, or whether the people, if placed in a state of nature without government, would agree to said government. Theories and developments guiding constitutional contract theory 76 3311 thomas hobbes 76 of the governed7 this means that the people must „agree. This theory makes hobbes the originator of the modern social contract theory (deutsch, p 238) locke, however, views man in a nicer light by countering that since we are governed by natural laws that come from a creator, then there also follows that there are rights that come from this being as well.
This corresponds to the idea that people agree to be governed the declaration also says that the government needs to protect people's rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. -people need to be protected from each other -believed that absolute monarchy (strong state with unlimited power) was the best form of government -the unlimited powers of a sovereign could contain human passions that disrupt social order. Thomas hobbes (1588 to 1679) was an englishman who took an intellectual route from mathematics to political theory, a path that led him to advocate absolute monarchy the oxford-educated, well-traveled hobbes became interested, rather late in life, in why people allowed themselves to be ruled and in what would be the best government. For rousseau, the only legitimate political authority is the authority consented to by all the people, who have agreed to such government by entering into a social contract for the sake of their mutual preservation.
Hobbes here suggests that the majority of people, while they have some minimal degree of reason, hardly use it or do not use it at all this might suggest, then, that the kind of reasoning one would need in order to tacitly consent is quite minimal. Both hobbes and locke agreed with the social contract theory(the theory that society was created by people agreeing with one another to form a group to protect the rights of the citizens and the laws that had been created, so the overall society could work to its fullest) but shown different beliefs about it. Jean-jacques rousseau, immanuel kant, and other philosophers have also relied on social contract theory, but the classic expressions of the contract theory of political obligation remain hobbes's leviathan (1651) and locke's second treatise of government (1690. The chief difference between the two philosophers is that obligation of hobbes's people was to a single person whereas obligation of rousseau's people was towards the general will and people themselves were the architects of that will. According to hobbes, people therefore should not be trusted to make decisions on their own in addition, hobbes felt that nations, like people, were selfishly motivated to hobbes, each country was in a constant battle for power and wealth.
Hobbes formed his theories by way of empirical observation and he believed that the universe was just atoms in notion and therefore could be measured by geometry and mathematics and could be used to explain human behaviour. To be governed in hobbes' leviathan hobbes' political philosophy rests on two assumptions: that the state of nature (ie people without government) is a state of war, and that everybody wants to avoid death. While the concepts of social contract theory and the theory of consent remain the subject of some debate, modern liberal sociopolitical entities would seem to lend credence to the suggestion that societies exist as the direct result of mutual, if not. Unit 3: political philosophy political philosophy deals with questions about how human societies ought to be governed or how they ought to govern themselves in this unit, we will read selections from one major political thinker from the east - confucius, as well as five major political philosophers from the west - plato, niccolò machiavelli, thomas hobbes, john stuart mill, karl marx, and. Social contract theory basically says that all individuals are born equal, and provided a god given right to consent to be governed american government is based of this thomas hobbes and john locke said that we are selfish, individualistic, and constantly at war with each other, therefore we need to be controlled.
Government is legitimate, however, only through the consent of those governed, and only as long as it satisfies the fundamental needs of the community a government that violates the trust of the people loses its legitimacy and should be overthrown. Thomas hobbes 1588-1679 - english philosopher - wrote leviathan without government, people would constantly be fighting amongst themselves life without government would be. Most scripturally correct theory of government 2 most scripturally correct theory of government hobbes, locke, and rousseau were european philosophers in early 1600.
Social contract theory present in leviathan, by thomas hobbes, relies on two assumptions first, all humans are self-interested and only act in accordance with the motivation to better their own situations, which would lead to a state of perpetual war. Hobbes on the causes of war - we desire power - hobbes means to obtain what we want or the means to possess what you want in the future there are many things that give us power including how people see us, eg is people are afraid of us we may get what we want.
For hobbes, men are naturally selfish and enemies to each other therefore he claims that men need to be governed by an absolute monarch on the other hand, rousseau was a passionate lover of liberty and individual independence. Once the people authorize the sovereign to represent them and consent to be governed, the transfer of sovereignty from the subjects to the ruler is unlimited and permanent (hobbes 268) furthermore, in a hobbesian system, the individual who becomes king acquires the right to rule without having to give up anything in return. Money-back guarantees - you are covered 100% under our policy.